Simplicissimus was a satirical German weekly magazine started by Albert Langen in April 1896 and published through 1967, with a hiatus from 1944-1954. It became a biweekly in 1964. It took its name from the protagonist of Grimmelshausen's 1668 novel Der Abenteuerliche Simplicissimus Teutsch.
Combining brash and politically daring content, with a bright, immediate, and surprisingly modern graphic style, Simplicissimus published the work of writers such as Thomas Mann and Rainer Maria Rilke. Its most reliable targets for caricature were stiff Prussian military figures, and rigid German social and class distinctions as seen from the more relaxed, liberal atmosphere of Munich.
After receiving an up-time copy of Simplicissimus, Martin Grünwald launched a new version of Simplicissimus in 17th century Europe. In September 1633, the number of subscribers to Simplicissimus had reached ten thousand. Direct deliveries were allocated to major German towns, except in Bavaria, where it was on the verge of being banned. The popularity of Simplicissimus was due to Grünwald's connections to important families, scholars, bankers, merchants, and even the Committee of Correspondence and family in France, as nearly every down-timer wanted to keep track of what wass going on around the Americans.