Safavid Flag.svg

Flag of the Safavid Empire in 1632

The Safavid Empire, which, at its height, controlled all of modern Iran, Azerbaijan and Armenia, most of Iraq, Georgia, Afghanistan, and the Caucasus, as well as parts of Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Turkey, was a rival of the Ottoman Empire.

Safavid Empire in 1632Edit

In the 1630's, the captial of the Safavid Empire was Isfahan, and it was ruled by Shah Safi.[n 1]


  1. It is not clear what the empire's extent was at that time.