The Mughal Empire at the time of the Ring of Fire, was an immenely powerful empire, rivaling Ottoman Turkey and Ming China. News of Grantville was carried to the Mughal by European travelers and merchants. The Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan, already wary of European maritime superiority, realized that Europe would take advantage of the valuable information coming from Grantville. He decided to do the same for his own empire's benefit. He ordered a special envoy to Grantville (under the guise of a hajj) made of ambassador Subadar Baram Khan and English-speaker Salim.