John Hampden
John Hampden
Historical Figure
Nationality: England
Date of Birth: 1595
Date of Death: 1643
Occupation: Politician, soldier
Parents: William Hampden
1632 series
POD: May, 1631
Appearance(s): 1633
Type of Appearance: Reference
John Hampden (c. 1595 – 1643) was an English politician, the eldest son of William Hampden, of Hampden House, Great Hampden in Buckinghamshire, a descendant of a very ancient family of that county, said to have been established there before the Norman conquest, and of Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir Henry Cromwell, and aunt of Oliver Cromwell.

Because of his leadership and oratory skills he was named "The Patriot" by the people - a title earned by his confrontation with King Charles over the payment of the King's "Ship Tax". In Parliament he apparently spoke not very often, but when he did everyone, including the King, took notice. He represented the Cornish constituencey of Grampound.

There are many towns in the English-speaking world named after John Hampden.There is Hampden, Maryland, Hamden, Connecticut and Hampden, Maine, Hampden, New Zealand as well as the county of Hampden, Massachusetts. (Hampden South Australia is named after a member of an early local family.) Also, Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia is named in his honour and that of Algernon Sydney, another English patriot.

John Hampden in 1632Edit

John Hampden escaped England to the European continent after King Charles discovered his role in the English Civil War and ordered a purge of his potential enemies.