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Jacob Brown

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Jacob Brown
JacobBrown
Historical Figure
Nationality: United States
Religion: Raised Quaker
Date of Birth: 1775
Date of Death: 1828
Cause of Death: Effects of a stroke
Occupation: Soldier
Spouse: Pamela Brown
Children: Seven
Affiliations: United States Army
Appearances:
Trail of Glory
POD: March 27, 1814
Appearance(s): 1812: The Rivers of War
1824: The Arkansas War
Type of Appearance: Direct
Jacob Jennings Brown (1775–1828) was an American army officer in the War of 1812, meeting with a great deal of success in the Great Lakes region. In 1821, he was appointed commanding general of the United States Army.

Jacob Brown in Trail of GloryEdit

Jacob Brown reached the rank of Senior Officer of the United States Army in the closing year of the War of 1812. He maintained an equivalent rank until 1824, owing to both his poor health and the election of Henry Clay as President of the United States.

Army of the NiagaraEdit

In 1814, Brown was in overall command of the Army of Niagara, but for a period of weeks, left command of the Army to Brigadier Winfield Scott.

Brown was not a professional soldier, but rather a member of the New York militia, and been given command for political reasons. However, he was determined to fight the British, a fact which impressed Scott tremendously. Thus, the two became quite close. Brown was also aware of his own limitations as a soldier, and so gave Scott a wide berth when it came to military matters.

In June, 1814, with news that Napoleon had abdicated two months prior, Brown decided to move on the British. He organized three Brigades. The First Brigade (the largest of the three) went to Scott. Second Brigade went to General Eleazar Ripley. The Third Brigade, made up primarily of militias and Indians, was commanded by Peter Porter.

The actual attack came in July, 1814. Scott was able to take Fort Erie in short order. Two days later, all brigades participated at the Battle of Chippewa, which was a substantial victory for Brown's men.

Brown pressed on, chasing British General Phineas Riall to Fort George. This lead to the Battle of Lundy's Lane, which saw Brown and Scott both badly injured. Lundy's Lane was claimed as a victory by the British, but it was better described as a draw.

Military offices
Preceded by
Henry Dearborn
Senior Officer of the United States Army
1815-1821
Succeeded by
None
(Commanding General of the United States Army)
Preceded by
None
(Senior Officer of the United States Army)
Commanding General of the United States Army
1821-1828
Succeeded by
Alexander Macomb


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