Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares
Count-Duke of Olivares
Historical Figure
Nationality: Spain
Religion: Catholicism
Date of Birth: January 6, 1587
Date of Death: July 22, 1645
Cause of Death: Natural Causes
Occupation: Chief minister to Philip IV of Spain
Spouse: Inés de Zúñiga y Velasco, Countess of Olivares[1]
Children: María de Guzmán y Zúñiga (1609 - 1625)
Enrique Felipe de Guzmán (1613-1646)
1632 series
POD: May, 1631
Appearance(s): 1635: The Cannon Law
1636: The Saxon Uprising
1635: The Papal Stakes
1634: The Bavarian Crisis
1636: The Cardinal Virtues
Type of Appearance: Direct

Don Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel Ribera y Velasco de Tovar, Count of Olivares and Duke of San Lúcar la Mayor (Spanish: Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, conde-duque de Olivares, also known as Conde de Olivares y duque de Sanlúcar la Mayor) (January 6, 1587 – July 22, 1645), was a Spanish royal favorite of Philip IV and minister. As prime minister from 1621 to 1643, he over-extended Spain in foreign affairs and unsuccessfully attempted domestic reform. His policies of committing Spain to recapture Holland led to his major involvement in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) and his attempts to centralize power and increase wartime taxation led to revolts in Catalonia and Portugal which brought about his fall.

Gaspar de Guzmán in 1632Edit

By 1636, Guzman secretly had a radio.


  1. Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias on Wikipedia.