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Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor

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Ferdinand II
FerdinandIIHolyRomanEmperor
Historical Figure
Nationality: Austria
Religion: Catholicism
Date of Birth: 1578
Date of Death: 1637
Cause of Death: Natural causes
Occupation: Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, King of Hungary
Spouse: Maria Anna of Bavaria, Eleonora Gonzaga
Children: Maria Anna of Austria
Cecilia Renata
Ferdinand III
Leopold Wilhelm
Affiliations: House of Habsburg
Appearances:
1632 series
POD: May, 1631
Appearance(s): 1632
Ring of Fire
1634: The Bavarian Crisis
Type of Appearance: Direct
Date of Death: September, 1634
Cause of Death: Natural Causes
Ferdinand II (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the House of Habsburg, ruled as Holy Roman Emperor (1619-1637), King of Bohemia (1617-1619, 1620-1637), King of Hungary (1618-1625).

A devout and very pious Catholic, Ferdinand's recognition as King of Bohemia and suppression of Protestantism precipitated the early events of the Thirty Years' War, and he remained one of the staunchest backers of the Anti-Protestant Counter Reformation efforts as one of the heads of the German Catholic League, prolonging the Thirty Years' Wars by insisting the Edict of Restitution be enforced. The duration of his reign was occupied by confessional and military concerns, and some historians blame him for the large civilian loss of life in the Sack of Magdeburg in 1631, as he'd instructed Count Tilly to enforce the edict upon Saxony—his orders causing Tilly to move the Catholic armies east, ultimately to Leipzig, where they suffered their first substantial defeat at the first battle of Breitenfeld.

Ferdinand II in 1632Edit

Ferdinand II (1578-1634) was one of the central figures of the German Catholic League at the time of Grantville's arrival in the past. After the sack of Magdeburg, Gustavus Adolphus correctly realized that Saxe-Weimar would be the next target, as Ferdinand wanted to punish Bernard and Wilhelm, both dukes of Saxe-Weimar, and both loyal to Gustavus.

When Ferdinand ordered Count Tilly to invade Saxony and enforce the Edict of Restitution, Tilly acted, ultimately pushing Saxony's elector, John George, into Gustavus's camp, and giving Gustavus access to Saxony. Tilly was defeated at the Battle of Breitenfeld. Ferdinand realized he had no choice but to employ the hated Albrecht von Wallenstein to halt Gustavus. However, Gustavus and the New United States defeated Wallenstein at Battle of Alte Veste. Badly wounded, Wallenstein had an opportunity to learn of his future, including the fact that Ferdinand would eventually order his assassination in 1634.

Wallenstein acted preemptively, aligning himself with the NUS, and finally deposed Ferdinand in Bohemia. Ferdinand sent troops against Wallenstein, but they were defeated at the Second Battle of the White Mountain. Wallenstein's success in breaking Bohemia away from Austria meant that Ferdinand had to keep his troops in Austria, and that he was in no position to take any military action in the Germanies.

In mid-1634, his health went into decline, and he died in September of that year. While on his deathbed, he signed a revocation of the Edict of Restitution. He also revoked the electoral vote that had been granted to Maximilian of Bavaria and placed it in abeyance until young Karl Ludwig came of age and freely and voluntarily became Catholic, a move that would turn out to be moot. Since Ferdinand II died before his son, Ferdinand III could be elected "King of the Romans", the prerequisite to being crowned Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II was the last Holy Roman Emperor.

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles II of Austria
Archduke of Inner Austria
1590–1637
Succeeded by
Ferdinand III
Preceded by
Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
King of Bohemia
1617–1637
King of Hungary
1618–1637
King in Germany
(formally King of the Romans)

1618–1637
Holy Roman Emperor (elect)
1619–1637
Archduke of Austria
1619–1637
Archduke of Further Austria
1619–1623
Succeeded by
Leopold V, Archduke of Austria,
Governor since 1619
Regnal titles (1632)
Preceded by
Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
King of Bohemia
1617–1633
Succeeded by
Albrecht von Wallenstein
Holy Roman Emperor (elect)
1619–1634
Succeeded by
None

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