Děčín (German: Tetschen) is a town in the north of the Czech Republic. It is the largest town in the Děčín District. Near the German border, not far from Dresden and 83 minutes north of Prague by rail, the city of Děčín in the Ústí nad Labem Region is on the trade route between the Czech Republic and Germany.
Děčín was occupied by Michael Stearns' Third Division for its strategic location against Heinrich Holk's forces. The advantages included: its Erzgebirge mountains would thwart an army trying to enter Bohemia from the north or Saxony from the south; the town itself was large enough to accommodate a substantial military force; and it very close to Dresden. Stearns also saw a potential fourth advantage: its flat terrain was ideal for a landing strip for airplanes.