Charles Dickinson (1780-1806), was a 19th century American and nationally famous duelist. An expert marksman, Dickinson's dueling career included 26 kills before it was ended at the hands Andrew Jackson.
While he himself held no political office, Dickinson was popular transplanted Tennesee socialite and planter. He was not an admirer of Jackson, and so, at the behest of Jackson's political opponents, insulted Jackson's wife. Jackson challenged Dickinson, playing into his opponents hands.
The duel was held in Kentucky, so as to avoid problems with their home state. Jackson, realizing that he'd never be able to outdraw the practiced Dickinson, resolved to take Dickinson's bullet. While Dickinson's shot hit Jackson, it wasn't fatal. Jackson calmly and fatally shot Dickinson.