Canada is federation in North America comprising ten provinces and three territories. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom as its nominal head of state. Although legally independent of Britain as of 1982, Canada has been gradually gaining autonomy for most of its history. It is a bilingual and multicultural country, with both English and French as official languages. The Canadian province of Quebec was a French colony until the 1760s; it still retains much of its original French culture.
Canada shares entire southern border and much of its western one with the United States. Historically, the relationship between the two has been complex. During the American Revolution, the rebelling colonies that made up the United States sought to include Canada both politically and militarily, leading to the failed invasion of Canada in 1775. The U.S. once again invaded Canada during the War of 1812, but did not successfully annex the country. Indeed, that Canada repelled the invasion saw early stirrings of Canadian nationalism.
However, in the nearly two centuries since that invasion, Canada and the U.S. have shared one of the most peaceful and stable relationships seen on the international stage.
Canada in Trail of GloryEdit
Canada was the site of fighting during the War of 1812, as the United States invaded Canada twice early in the war with the intent of annexing it. Both attempts failed, as most Canadians didn't want to join the U.S. and remained loyal to Britain.
Still, the U.S. was able to take some victories in Canada. One, the Battle of Chippewa, saw the rise of Brigadier Winfield Scott and Sgt. Patrick Driscol, the future Laird of Arkansas Chiefdom and a pivotal figure in the founding of the Confederacy of the Arkansas.
Prior to Grantville's arrival in 1631, Canada was being colonized by both England and France. As with the United States of America, the development of modern Canada was precluded when Charles I of England sold all English claims in North America to France.
However, by late 1633, Christian IV of Denmark decided to risk the anger of France by setting up a colony in the area around Hudson Bay. The king chose two Englishmen, veteran sea captain Luke Foxe and diplomat Sir Thomas Roe, to spearhead the colonization effort.