Arthur Brooke (1772-1843) was a British soldier. He was a veteran of the wars against Napoleon, but is probably best remembered for his role in the War of 1812 against the United States. He acquitted himself well at the Battle of Bladensburg on August 24, 1814. On September 12, 1814, his immediate commander, General Robert Ross, was killed as the army marched on Baltimore. Brooke found himself in overall command. He was met with a stronger American defense than he anticipated at Hampton Hill, and retreated after two days of fighting.
Brooke returned home after the war. He eventually reached the rank of lieutenant-general, but never saw combat again.
Colonel Arthur Brooke became the senior British army officer after General Robert Ross was badly injured during the assault on the Capitol Building. He carried out Ross's order that there be no more assaults on the building, and that it instead be besieged. He also made sure that only 300 men were detached to aid Admiral George Cockburn in burning the Executive Mansion.
Brooke also ovesaw the collection of the wounded from in front of the Capitol Building. He was also privy to Ross's plan to surrender himself to the Americans after ordering a retreat.